He was born at Porbandar on 2nd October 1869 and passed his childhood in Porbandar, after earning a degree in law in 1891 from the University College London, Gandhi settled in South Africa to practice law.

He was the pre-eminent political and ideological leader of India during the Indian independence movement. He developed a model to fight for civil rights and freedom that he called Satyagraha. He founded his doctrine of nonviolent protest to achieve political and social progress based upon ahimsa. He was the great leader and father of the nation.

In South Africa, Gandhi faced the discrimination directed at all coloured people. He was thrown off a train at Pietermaritzburg after refusing to move from the first-class. He protested and was allowed on first class the next day. Travelling farther on by stagecoach, he was beaten by a driver for refusing to move to make room for a European passenger. He suffered other hardships on the journey as well, including being barred from several hotels. In another incident, the magistrate of a Durban court ordered Gandhi to remove his turban, which he refused to do. These events were a turning point in Gandhi's life and shaped his social activism and awakened him to social injustice. After witnessing racism, prejudice and injustice against Indians in South Africa, Gandhi began to question his place in society and his people's standing in the British Empire.

About his family, In May 1883, the 13-year-old Mohandas was married to 14-year-old Kasturbai Makhanji and Children Harilal, Manilal, Ramdas and Devdas.

He died on 30 January 1948 at the age of 78, Cause of death Assassination by shooting Resting place Rajghat, New Delhi.


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